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The Truth behind Exodus?

The biblical story of the ten plagues visited upon Egypt is investigated in this week's Equinox, and the findings reveal that each one could have a rational explanation.

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If God was a volcano,then the river could have been red via magma erupting

Water to blood

The Bible says: the Nile turned to blood at the touch of Moses's staff. Equinox says: a red- blooming algae called Pfisteria, which makes fish bleed, could have been the cause.

A hot river of magma would have killed the fish,and more frogs would have resulted from more frog spawn


Pfisteria would have killed all the fish; no fish means more frog spawn, which means more frogs. And a polluted river would drive them on to the land in their millions.

A river turned to steam or filled in with rock would mean no water,dead frogs means lice


Without moisture the frogs died, removing the only obstacle to an insect explosion - and the biblical story is long before "lice" were distinguished from other insects.

All the possibly dead carcases from a volcano eruption would have drawn flies


The Bible says: there came a grievous swarm of flies into the house of Pharaoh. Equinox says: fly swarms are not uncommon, and this plague was probably of stable flies, which bite.

A plague of flies carries disease thus dead animals

Sick animals

Equinox concludes that two diseases decimated Egypt's livestock: African Horse Sickness and Blue Tongue, transmitted by tiny midges (the "lice" of the third plague.

As well as glanders perhaps people were subject to molten ash which burnt the skin falling from above


A disease causing boils and blisters struck next - perhaps the ancient disease "Glanders", which is spread by stable flies. As a result, the crops went unharvested.

A volcano eruption might well cause atmospheric changes in an area where hail is likely perhaps it brought it on


Only last year hailstorms hit Israel and Jordan. They're not rare, but to the weakened Egyptians, whose crops were their whole livelihood, a hailstorm at this time would be a cruel blow.

A swarm of locusts can happen any time


Again, locusts have been known to swarm since ancient times, stripping crops. But to the Egyptians, like the hail, a locust plague now couldn't come at a worse time.

Ash ejected into the atmosphere from an eruption might well have blackened the sky


The Bible says a three-day darkness fell next .A sandstorm is the likely culprit: one in Cairo in 1997 blacked out the sky for three days. The sand would cover any food supplies remaining.

The young would have been the first to suffer an induced illnesses,and if food was scarce and the custom was the feed the eldest the young would be most likely to suffer

First-born die

Micro-toxins found in locust droppings contaminating the food were lethal; and in famine conditions the custom was to give the eldest double portions. End of story

Further Reading

The Bible

Leading Edge - Evidence against Noah's Flood





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